The Different Fields of Engineering

Engineering: a multifaceted profession

Our 70,000 members and future members work in more than thirty engineering fields, with multiple specialties. While we all have seen the marvels of construction work by civil engineers or the rockets of aerospace engineering, other fields await your discovery. Look at our video (in French) to know more.

The diversity of engineering activities may surprise you. Let’s discover them!

Aerospace Engineering

Aim for the sky!

Aerospace engineers are involved in the design, development, testing, production, and maintenance of aircraft (e.g. airplanes, helicopters, and unmanned aerial vehicles) or space vehicles (e.g. space shuttles and rockets) and their components (parts and systems). In research or the management of complex high-tech projects, their tasks include the aircraft’s design and the calculation of flight trajectories.

Agri-Food Engineering

Modernize agricultural production and food processing.

Agri-food engineers work at the crossroads of engineering and biology. They design, manage and maintain infrastructure, machines, processes, and systems from the farm to the factory to transform plants and animals into food. Their priorities are the good management of resources, food quality and safety.

Agri-Environmental Engineering

Promote flourishing and sustainable agriculture.

The agri-environmental engineers seek to increase a farm’s agricultural yields while limiting its impact on the environment. With their dual expertise in biology and agriculture, they manage the performance of agricultural infrastructure (buildings, machinery, and automation of activities) and resolve problems related to pollution, resource management, and the food chain.

Food Engineering

Innovate in food manufacturing.

Food engineers create food manufacturing equipment and processes in compliance with hygiene, conservation, and distribution standards. As a bridge between the agricultural and processing sectors, they design the food products that end up on our plates.

Building Engineering

Get involved in the construction or renovation of buildings construction or renovation, from study to operation.

Nothing escapes the expert eye of the building engineer: foundations, structure, mechanical and electrical systems, insulation or ventilation, all in compliance with current standards. Working closely with architects, planners, and contractors, building engineers ensure that plans, costs, and deadlines are respected on commercial, industrial, institutional or residential sites.

Biomedical Engineering

Create technological equipment to improve the quality of care.

Biomedical engineers design methods and devices essential to health professionals and their patients: diagnostic and medical imaging equipment, intelligent body probes, operating robots, pacemakers, rehabilitation equipment, orthoses or prosthesis, and many others.

Bioresource Engineering

Design practical solutions for the good of our planet and its inhabitants.

This forward-looking field of engineering makes the most of technology and applied biology to design real solutions to problems affecting ecosystems. This engineer specializes in environmental, soil or water engineering, among other fields, and creates sustainable systems with responsible resource management.

Biotechnology Engineering

Design manufacturing processes using living organisms.

Biotechnology engineers spend a large part of their time in the laboratory, researching and developing innovations to be applied in various fields: the reduction of pollutants and pesticides in agriculture, the manufacture of new pharmaceutical treatments or the creation of new substances to replace chemicals in industry.

Wood Engineering

Transform a precious natural resource.

The goal? To optimize the use of wood as a construction material, particularly in environmentally responsible buildings. Wood engineers develop new, high-performance, environmentally friendly products such as furniture and flooring, and find new uses for this renewable resource (energy source, biorefinery, etc.). This specialty differs from that of the forestry engineer, who have their own professional order.

Chemical Engineering

Improve our daily lives.

Refining, recycling, and manufacturing of drugs, cosmetics or paper: the applications of the work of chemical engineers are varied. They are involved in the development of product transformation processes as well as in the operation and monitoring of chemical facilities, all in compliance with environmental and safety standards.

Civil Engineering

Build our collective infrastructure: bridges, buildings, roads, dams, sewer systems or aqueducts.

Civil engineers collaborate with architects in planning projects, validate calculations, and determine the right choice of materials. As a leader on construction sites, they are responsible for managing major construction projects and taking all the economic, environmental, and social dimensions into consideration.

Construction Engineering

Put your expertise to work and manage various construction sites.

At ease with the development of studies, plans, and specifications, the construction engineer is on-site to supervise the work and collaborate with stakeholders (architects, clients, and specialized professionals) in all project phases. They ensure that environmental standards are satisfied, as well as the health and safety of site personnel.

Water Engineering

Manage the water infrastructures, from wastewater collection to drinking water distribution.

Water engineers analyze municipal or industrial water management facilities and infrastructures. As such, they play a crucial role in commercial and residential waste water management. In addition to ensuring the proper functioning of water systems, they implement mitigation solutions to protect the environment and public health.

Electrical Engineering

Participate in any project requiring the safe use of electricity or electronics.

The role of electrical engineers is to design and optimize electrical circuits and systems for the operation of devices in compliance with established standards. In electronics, they work in automatic controls, telecommunications or on specific aspects of aeronautics and computer science. The electronics specialization focuses on the production, transmission, distribution, and use of electrical energy.

Electromechanical Engineering

Combine two areas of expertise for the common good.

Specialized in electricity, instrumentation and mechanics, electromechanical engineers design, build, and ensure the proper functioning of industrial or manufacturing systems such as motors, vehicles, power transformers, wind turbines, rolling stock or automatons. Their tasks combine theory and practice directly in the field.

Geological Engineering

Take an interest in the soil’s riches and hazards.

This field profession aims to develop and use natural resources responsibly. The geological engineer’s studies also help protect buildings and people from landslides, avalanches, and other soil-related natural disasters. This expert is often found in the mining and exploration sectors or in geotechnical studies.

Geomatics Engineering

Map the territory to reveal its possibilities.

At the crossroads of geography, software engineering, aerospace, and surveying, geomatics engineers design systems that observe, measure, and map territories. They also build systems that process and disseminate reliable and high precision geospatial data, which is then used to make informed decisions for developing and protecting the areas studied.

Industrial Engineering

Optimize the different stages and components of goods and services production.

Through continuous process improvement, industrial engineers aim to increase factory performance and profitability, employee safety, and product quality. Versatility is their key asset: they know the machines and manufacturing processes as well as the labour and raw material requirements.

Computer Engineering

Optimize the performance of companies and organizations to innovate better.

With their generalist expertise, computer engineers design, install, and program custom-made networks and systems to optimize the performance of companies and other public or private organizations. They work on components such as processors, memory, drives, robots, assembly lines, or anything that requires some form of automation.

Software Engineering

Provide computer solutions.

After an in-depth analysis of needs, software engineers design, install and control the quality of interfaces, software, websites, applications or any other digital product under their responsibility. Their work requires a good grounding in science, mathematics, networking, and digital information security.

Mechanical Engineering

Improve non-digital devices and systems.

Essential to industry, mechanical engineers design, install and maintain vehicles, turbines, machines, and other engines used to produce energy, goods and services. In the building sector, they focus on heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems or elevators.

Mechatronics Engineering

Integrate mechanics, electronics, and computer science in designing systems, machines, or products.

The cross-sectional knowledge of mechatronics engineers gives them an overview of the project to integrate the different technological components optimally. Their tasks combine equipment handling with theory and practice and numerous calculations and studies.

Materials Engineering

Design innovative materials.

Materials engineers often work in research and development, and design products from various materials: stone, concrete, asphalt, steel, ceramics, plastics, wood, electronic and magnetic materials, biomaterials or composites. They also participate in designing innovative materials, such as “intelligent” components, and select materials from a sustainable development perspective.

Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

Transform raw materials from the ground.

Materials and metallurgy engineers develop alloys or composite materials and manufacturing processes for the manufacturing industry. Their research contributes to manufacturing machinery, infrastructure, and objects, mainly composed of metals such as steel and aluminum.

Microelectronic Engineering

Handle the chips that are essential to our everyday devices.

Microelectronics engineers design, manufacture, and program the small microelectronic components needed to power the nanotechnology of today and tomorrow. Their work is necessary for the functioning of our GPS, smartphones, and other cameras, but also serves the progress of computer science, medicine, pharmaceuticals… In short: microelectronics is everywhere!

Mining Engineering

Use your expertise on soil exploitation for large-scale projects.

Mining engineers conduct studies before a mine is put into operation in a specific territory. After that, they oversee the extraction and optimal processing of minerals while respecting the safety of personnel, environmental standards, and the project’s financial objectives. Their expertise in soils also leads them to collaborate in the realization of major civil engineering works like subways, hydroelectric structures or networks, roads, and tunnels, for example.

Operations and Logistics Engineering

Optimize the performance of production lines.

Like industrial engineering, the operations and logistics engineer’s specialty is the (re)structuring of a company to optimize the profitability and safety of its operations. The tasks of these types of engineers consist of anticipating and planning the management of operations, particularly supplies, and transportation. They design or develop systems or processes and find opportunities for continuous improvement.

Engineering Physics

Solve technological problems using the latest discoveries in pure science.

The physical engineer bridges the gap between scientific research and industry to design advanced technologies that use the principles of physics such as light, waves, X-rays, radiation, or electromagnetism.

Automated Production Engineering

Optimize repetitive tasks.

Automated production engineers design various complex devices to solve industrial problems on production lines. Their tasks consist of setting up efficient and safe systems capable of supporting the personnel working in the facilities.

Robotics Engineering

Automate complex processes or tasks with applied robotic applications.

The robots that robotics engineers design are everywhere: biomedical instruments, aeronautical systems, computer security and telecommunications equipment, artificial intelligence and industrial automation systems, and many others. With knowledge from many areas of engineering, they design solutions that incorporate the latest technological innovations.

Various names in constant evolution

Our list is not exhaustive! Are you looking for more information on a specific designation? The Qualifications Québec site contains a rich database that takes into account the National Occupational Classification (in French only).

What about pursuing a career in engineering?

Explore the different possibilities and find a “Place for you” in engineering!

Explore the different possibilities