Frequently Asked Questions
Ordre des ingénieurs du Quebec
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    Frequently Asked Questions

    Scope of practice and competency Open

    Trustee

    Am I required to hire an engineer for the work I wish to carry out?

    The Engineers Act lists the kinds of work that fall within the exclusive practice of an engineer. Section 2 specifies in particular:
    ...the foundations, framework and electrical and mechanical systems of buildings the cost of which exceeds $100,000 and of public buildings within the meaning of the Public Buildings Safety Act (chapter S-3).
    In other words, only an engineer may provide consultations or opinions, make measurements, produce layouts, prepare reports, computations, designs, drawings, plans and specifications or inspect or supervise job sites with respect to the work designated in section 2 of the Act.

    Dangerous work

    The work being performed at my neighbour's place looks very dangerous and I believe it poses a risk to them or to me, my children, my property and my belongings. What can I do?

    Contact your municipality which has the necessary authority to ensure public safety within its territory.

    Mandatory course on professionalism Open

    General information

    This mandatory course is available online in the Génie formation catalogue on our Web site at www.oiq.qc.ca. You have until May 15, 2013 to pass it. Only members who are registered as retired on the Roll of the OIQ and those who passed their professional examination after September 1, 2011 are exempt from this course.

    Once you have passed the course, it will be entered in your continuing education file and 2.5 hours will be counted toward the minimum requirement of 30 hours for the reference period. Please note that it may take two weeks after you pass the course online for the course to be entered in your file.

    Technical support

    System Requirements

    Supported Operating System:
    - Mac OSX 10.6 and up;
    - Windows XP;
    - Windows Vista;
    - Windows 7.

    Supported browsers:
    - Internet Explorer 7.0 and up;
    - Firefox 3.6 and up;
    - Chrome 12.0 and up;
    - Safari 5.0 and up.

    The latest update of Flash is also required.

    If you don’t know the technical specifications of your computer, you may find more information by going on this site: http://supportdetails.com/

    Technical issues ?

    The screen stays black and cannot close:
    - Press Escape (ESC) on your keyboard to close the window.

    The button Continue stays locked:
    - All the videos must be seen entirely. You need to let the video play without fast-fowarding before going to the next step. If the button Continue stays locked, it’s because one of the video hasn’t been played entirely.

    A part of the user interface seem missing:
    - Press F11 to put the interface in full screen and/or verify the screen resolution of your computer.

    The videos are loading very slowly:
    - Please make sure that your internet connection is not limited and that your computer meets the minimum requirements as explained above (see Supported Operating System).

    Please note that if you do the course at work, you may experience technical issues related to the limitations of your company’s server access for security reasons. Please contact your computer support to check if they can help you. For any technical problems, feel free to contact us at 1-855-DEVPROF

    Business ethics Open

    Ethics

    Can disciplinary offences be cleared over time?

    No. A disciplinary complaint is indefeasible. A disciplinary complaint may be lodged at any time against anyone who committed an offense while a member of the Order. Time lapse may however affect the complainant’s capacity to build a clear and convincing case and that of the respondent to make  "full answer and defence” under natural justice rules. For example, a disciplinary inquiry may be launched regarding a file that has been destroyed by an engineer after the prescribed ten-year retention period. It may however be more difficult to build a case. Why is a disciplinary complaint indefeasible? The disciplinary proceeding is of a public nature. Lodging a complaint against an engineer and imposing penalties aims to  protect the public at large, to discourage the guilty engineer from reoffending as well as discouraging any other trade member who may aspire to commit similar wrongful acts.
     

    Must an engineer comply with the Code of Ethics wherever he or she practices?

    Yes. Each member of the Order is individually liable for complying with the Code of Ethics, wherever he or she may be practicing. Any engineer who carries out professional acts outside of the Province of Québec must comply with ethical obligations. Acts committed outside of Québec shall not lessen any prejudice. Where an act has been committed does not in any way affect the capacity of the Disciplinary Committee to hear and assess a complaint. The Code of Ethics applies to professional conduct not to a specific territory or limited public. By joining the Order, an engineer agrees to be under the control of his or her professional order wherever he or she practices.
     

    I am a member of the Order. May I reject the dates of the meeting proposed by the syndic or refuse to meet with the syndic?

    No. You are under the obligation to meet with the syndic upon request (Prof. C. S. 114 & 122, Code of Ethics of Engineers S. 4.01.01f)). Pleading appointments with other clients or claiming other priorities does not constitute reasonable motive for denying the meeting requested. The syndic may however take into account exceptional circumstances that you will have to explain. Any refusal to meet with the syndic may be deemed as hindering the  inquiry, which may result in a disciplinary complaint and possibly provisional strike-off the roll (Prof. C. S. 130).

    I am a member of the Order. Am I under obligation to answer the syndic's questions?

    Yes, you must answer the syndic’s questions. You cannot mislead the syndic by concealment or false declarations (Prof. C.  S. 114, 122, 192). By refusing to answer, a disciplinary complaint may be lodged against you for hindering the inquiry. You may even be subject to provisional strike-off the roll.  (Prof. C. S. 130).

    I am a member of the Order. Am I under obligation to answer any correspopndance sent by a syndic?

    Yes, you must answer in an expeditious manner any correspondence sent by the Office of the Syndic (Prof. C. S.  114 ; Code of Ethics of Engineers, S. 4.02.02). In failing to do so, you may be the object of a disciplinary complaint or subject to provisional strike-off the roll (Prof. C. S. 130).

    A syndic is asking me for documents. Am I under the obligation to provide them?

    Yes. The Professional Code states that a syndic may demand any and all information or documents relating to the inquiry. The syndic may examine them or require their production and make a copy of such documents (Prof. C. S. 114, 122, 192).

    Is an engineer committing an offense by disclosing confidential information?

    No. Section 192 of the Professional Code explicitly states that a professional may not invoke his obligation to ensure professional secrecy as a reason for refusing to answer a syndic’s request.

    Must an engineer inform the Order only of the main place where he practises his profession?

    No. Under Section 60 of the Professional Code,any professional must elect a professional domicile and so inform the Order. Such professional domicile is the place where the member principally practises his profession. Should the member not be practising the profession, his principal place of employment or place of residence shall constitute the professional domicile. Under Section 60 of the Professional Code a professional must also inform the Secretary of his order of all the other places where he practises his profession, even if only occasionally. Having only a few clients to whom professional services are provided elsewhere does not exempt the engineer from such obligation.

    Must an engineer found guilty of drunk driving advise the Order of the fact?

    Yes. Under combined Sections 45, 55.1 and 59.3 of the Professional Code, a professional must, within ten (10) days of having been so informed, advise the Secretary of the Order that he has been found guilty of a criminal offence, even if such judgment has been rendered by a foreign court. However, in the latter case, the offence for which the professional has been found guilty must relate to an offence, which, if committed in Canada, could have led to criminal proceedings. Consequently, the professional must advise the Secretary if found guilty of driving under the influence, just as for any other judgment relating to an offence under the Penal Code.

    Does an engineer who checks a colleague's work become professionally liable?

    Yes. If each case must be evaluated individually, an engineer who checks a colleague’s work becomes professionally liable. Such liability is not always limited to the allocated mandate, hence the importance of properly determining in writing the scope of one’s mandate. In some cases, the engineer can be held liable not only for the work to be checked but also for any additional element that the engineer knew had to be considered. An engineer must consequently expose any and all noted anomalies, including those outside of his mandate. For example, an engineer who is asked solely to check basic structural analyses cannot not take into account the load rating of the ground on which lies this framework, claiming that it is not part of his mandate.

    The engineer that I have hired did not inform me of the approximate cost of his services and I deem unreasonable the amount billed for these services. What can I do?

    There are several remedies including some that may be exercised concurrently: 1. you can lodge an inquiry request with the Office of the syndic. The engineer was bound by his Code of Ethics to inform you of the extent and terms and conditions of the mandate that you have given him and to obtain your agreement in that respect (Section 3.02.03), to inform you of the approximate cost of his services and of the terms and conditions of payment (Section 3.08.03) and of any changes in this respect. The engineer must also charge and accept fair and reasonable fees (Section 3.08.01 and 3.08.02) and must give you all the necessary explanations for understanding his statement of fees (Section 3.08.04). 2. You may request in writing the conciliation of the bill of costs within sixty (60) days of receiving the bill, even if said bill was paid in part or in full, in accordance with Regulation respecting the conciliation and arbitration procedure for the accounts of engineers. Conciliation could also be requested should a disciplinary decision expressly calls into question the quality or relevance of a professional act charged for (Prof. Code, Section 88) 3. You may also assert your rights under the Québec Civil Code or other applicable law. This remedy is not however under the control of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec. You may make reference to conciliation, mediation or arbitration provisions under your contract with the engineer, if any. This remedy is not however under the control of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec.

    Can an engineer cease to act for the account of a client for no reason?

    No. In this regard, Section 3.03.04 of the Code of Ethics clearly states that “an engineer may not cease to act for the account of a client unless he has just and reasonable grounds for so doing. The following shall, in particular, constitute just and reasonable grounds:
     
    a) the fact that the engineer is placed in a situation of conflict of interest or in a circumstance whereby his professional independence could be called in question;
     
    b) inducement by the client to illegal, unfair or fraudulent acts;
     
    c) the fact that the client ignores the engineer’s advice.“

    Can an engineer refuse to provide a notice of compliance?

    Yes. An engineer cannot be forced to issue and shall not issue a notice or certificate of compliance if he deems that the work does not comply or that compliance cannot be established to his satisfaction, including when work does not comply with applicable laws or rules or with plans or specifications signed and sealed by an engineer, or when information is insufficient to knowingly issue such a notice, a frequent occurrence when the engineer did not supervise the work. It must be specified that only the acting engineer can personally issue such a notice.

    As an engineer, I think that some works constitute a threat to public security. Who should I notify?

    Under Section 2.03 of the Code of Ethics of Engineers, any engineer who considers that some works are a danger to public safety must notify the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec or the persons responsible for such work. This public responsibility is also valid when the engineer is not directly involved in the works. The engineer should first try, as soon as possible, to notify the persons responsible for the work, which could be an employer, the contractor, the owner or the client. Should the engineer be unable to contact a person responsible for the work or if approaching the persons responsible for the work is unfeasible or fails to bring results, or should the engineer opt to remain anonymous, he will contact the Order. The engineer may also try and notify directly competent authorities (such as CSST, the Régie du bâtiment du Québec, a town, a government department or emergency services (911)). Assessing the work as dangerous does not require that the engineer produce an expert report. The engineer may not have the specific knowledge if the work is outside of his field of expertise. The assessment refers more to an estimate or approximate calculation. Finally, if he deems the work a danger to public safety, the engineer must avoid making irresponsible or unnecessary alarming public statements.

    Can an engineer hold on to client-related documents (other than those prepared by him) that are part of his record if the client fails to pay his professional fees?

    In principle no. Where documents not prepared by the engineer are concerned (and not provided by the client), such as a construction permit or letter from the city, the engineer must allow the client to take cognizance of their content and provide him with a copy upon request within the period specified under Section 3.07.01 of the Code of Ethics of Engineers. In this respect, the engineer may charge the client reasonable fees not exceeding the cost of sending, transcribing or copying a document. Whenever the client requests such a  copy, the engineer may hold on to it until the client has paid said transmission, transcription or reproduction fees. The engineer must however provide the client with a copy once the client has paid copying fees, even if this client has not yet fully paid the due professional services fees.

    How long must an engineer keep a client file once his mandate has expired?

    An engineer must keep records for at least ten (10) years. Under Section 2.04 of Regulation respecting the keeping of records and consulting offices by engineers (Sec. I-9, r.13), the engineer’s records must be kept for a minimum period of ten (10) years from the date of the last service rendered or, when the project has been carried out, from the date of the end of the work. The engineer should however be careful before destroying a record. His client may wish to retrieve original documents or other important documents. It might be good practice to always communicate with the client to inquire about his intentions.

    Can an engineer hold on to documents or items provided by the client if said client fails to pay the engineer's fees?

    No. Under Section 3.07.06 of the Code of Ethics of Engineers, the engineer must act with diligence on any written request made by the client to retrieve a document or item which the client has left him. Furthermore, Section 3.07.06 of the Code of Ethics states that the engineer must indicate in that client’s record, as the case may be, the reasons for the client’s request. Section 2.05 of the Regulation respecting the keeping of records and consulting offices by engineers states that where a client withdraws a document from the record which concerns him, the engineer must file a note in the client’s record, signed either by the client or himself, indicating the nature of the document and the date of the withdrawal.

    Can an engineer refuse to hand over plans and other documents prepared by him if the client has not yet paid his professional fees?

    It all depends on the agreement entered into by the engineer and the client and of potential consequences. The engineer cannot refuse to hand over the product of his work to a client who has not paid his professional fees, unless it has been agreed in writing that the engineer’s work would be handed over only after payment of professional fees. This contractual provision cannot however have precedence over obligations under the Code of Ethics of Engineers, including under Section 3.05.01 the engineer’s obligation to subordinate his personal interest to that of his client and under Section 3.03.04, the engineer’s obligation not to cease to act for the account of his client, unless he has just and reasonable grounds to do so. The agreement is subject to compliance with provisions of the Code of Ethics, said provisions being of public policy. Therefore, should holding on to work put the client in a difficult situation or be prejudicial to him, the engineer cannot exercise his retaining right under the agreement at the risk of violating his code of ethics. In the absence of a contractual provision allowing the engineer to hold on to deliverable work under the contract if professional fees are overdue, the engineer must hand over to the client all plans or other documents prepared by him. In case of non-payment of his professional fees, the engineer must hand over his work to the client, submit his professional fee statement and, if need be, file a request with a court of competent jurisdiction.

    Can an engineer carry on his professional activities within a joint-stock company or a limited liability partnership?

    Not unless he can exercise the exception clause under Section 28.1 of the Engineers Act. Since 21 June 2001, the Professional Code allows the constitution of a company, joint-stock corporation or limited liability company for the purpose of providing engineering services solely under the express condition that the Order make a legislative rule in that regard. Such regulation has yet to be made. Section 28.1 of the Engineers Act states that an engineer may carry out his professional activities within a joint-stock corporation, which includes companies, only if that corporation was constituted for that purpose before 21 June 2001. That means that the joint-stock-corporation was operational on that date and already provided engineering services. Consequently, a joint-stock corporation or company constituted before 21 June 2001 but not offering engineering services on that date cannot be used.

    Continuing Education Open

    General Information

    Training activity eligibility

    The OIQ does not recognize or approve training activities, trainers and training activity providers.

     

    As a result, the regulation gives you a great deal of freedom in choosing your training activities. To find out if a training activity is eligible, go to www.oiq.qc.ca and look under “Gestion de vos activités” in the “Règlement sur la formation continue" section.

    Reporting your training activities and supporting documentation

    Under section 7 of the regulation respecting mandatory continuing education for engineers, you must report your completed training activities to the OIQ in order to satisfy the requirements of the regulation. To do so, go to www.oiq.qc.ca and enter the On-line services section.

    For full details on how to report your activities and the supporting documentation you must keep, look under "Gestion de vos activités" in the “Règlement sur la formation continue” section. Remember to keep your supporting documentation for 2 years after the reference period.

    Exemption

    To find out the various reasons members may be fully or partially exempt from their continuing education requirements, look under "Dispense" in the "Règlement sur la formation continue" section of our Web site at www.oiq.qc.ca.

    Only members who are registered as “retired” on the membership roll for the entire reference period do not have to apply for an exemption, since they are automatically exempt. For all other cases, an application must be sent to the Professional Development Department. Go to the “On-line services” section of our Web site at www.oiq.qc.ca for full details and to fill out your form online.

    Regulation respecting mandatory continuing education for engineers

    Given the rapidly and continuously changing competencies required by engineers to practice their professional activities, the OIQ felt it was necessary to pass a regulation that would make continuing education mandatory for engineers.

    Under the regulation, OIQ members must accumulate a minimum of 30 hours of continuing education during a two-year reference period, unless they are fully or partially exempt from this requirement. The first reference period began on April 1, 2011 and will end on March 31, 2013. For more information on training activity eligibility, reporting activities to the OIQ and keeping your supporting documentation, feel free to consult the various sub-sections of the “Règlement sur la formation continue” section of our Web site at www.oiq.qc.ca.

    Professional development guide

    To assist you with your professional development, the OIQ designed the "Guide de développement des compétences de l’ingénieur." This guide will help you determine your continuing education needs and choose the right training activities for your professional development. You can find the guide on our Web site at: www.gpp.oiq.qc.ca – in the chapter entitled “Développement professionnel.”

    Annual subscription Open

    Annual registration

    Who can register on line?

    All OIQ members can register on line.

    Is the on-line registration and payment process secure?

    Yes, once you have logged in to the On-line services section of the OIQ, you will be in a secure environment. Generally, a Web site is encrypted if the Web address contains the letters "https://" and if the locked padlock symbol appears in the lower right hand corner of your browser.

    Your transaction is secure because:
    • All transaction-related information is sealed.
    • Data falsification protection is built into the system.
    • Credit card information is subject to encrypted transmission.
    • Protection is provided against Internet-based data interception.
    • Transaction and payment information stored on the transaction server is protected.
    • Card status is always verified. Card numbers that are reported lost, stolen or non-existent are immediately blocked.

    During a financial transaction, information such as your credit card number and expiry date are sent to an authentication body for the purposes of authorization. No information pertaining to your credit card is retained on the OIQ servers.

    Do I have to register on line?

    If you do not complete the registration process on line, you can mail us the paper annual registration form, which must be ordered in advance. If you choose to register with the paper form, you will be charged an administrative fee and will need to mail us the duly completed, signed and dated "Annual Registration" form along with a cheque for the fees.

    You can obtain the documents in French or English by writing to the Customer service Department at sac@oiq.qc.ca or calling 1 877 845-6141, ext. 2473. We will send you the documents according to your preference.

    What is the deadline for my annual registration and payment?

    You must submit your documents and payment by no later than March 31.

    The Board of Directors will strike from the roll of the OIQ the names of all OIQ members who have not fulfilled their annual registration obligations within the allotted period of time, i.e. no later than March 31. Members must pay the full amount owed for annual registration. If your name is struck from the roll of the OIQ, it means that you are no longer allowed to use the title of Engineer or the abbreviation of this title and practice the profession. Once your name has been struck from the roll, you may submit a request to reinstate it. However, please note that in addition to your annual assessment, you will also be charged a reinstatement fee equal to 50% of the annual assessment.

    If I decide not to register, what should I do?

    You should send us the “Request for Withdrawal from the Roll” form available on the OIQ Web site under “Media and documentation” / “Publications” / Category: “Annual Registration.” This form should be sent by e-mail to sac@oiq.qc.ca, by fax to 514 845-6141 or by mail to the Customer service Department.

    What are the consequences if I decide not to register?

    If you decide not to register, you will no longer be allowed to use the titles "engineer," "junior engineer," "engineer-in-training," or the abbreviations "Eng.," "Jr. Eng.," "EIT,", or any name, title or designation that might lead to the belief that you are an engineer or a member of the OIQ. Likewise, you will no longer be allowed to practice the engineering profession in Québec, subject to the penalties provided by the Act. Furthermore, please note that once your name is removed from the OIQ's roll, you will no longer participate at the group professional liability insurance plan. With regards to the group life insurance plan with Manulife Financial, we invite you to communicate directly with them to verify if you are still eligible.

    If you have worked as an engineer in private practice in Québec or in connection with Québec, you are required to comply with the obligation set out in the applicable legislation of maintaining a valid professional liability insurance policy for five years after your last engineering act in private practice. We also ask that you notify your clients and employer that you are no longer a member, where applicable.

    In addition, junior engineers who do not register will not be able to gain recognition for any experience they acquire as non-members. However, this does not affect engineers-in-training.

    Unless you were employed by a physical or legal entity, company or government, you are also required to comply with the Regulation respecting the cessation of practice of a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec when you cease to practice your profession (available on our Web site www.oiq.qc.ca). You must fill out a form if that is your situation.

    What information should I enter if my job has ended?

    If you have lost or quit your job, or have retired, you must enter the date on which your job ended. You must also enter the appropriate type of activity for your current situation, i.e. "unemployed," "student", "retired," etc. You can edit your contact information at any time in your profile in the On-line services section of our Web site by clicking on the “My portal” button.

    How much time do I have to inform the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec of my new contact information?

    The OIQ must be notified within 30 days of any change of contact information. All members must provide the address of their primary workplace as well as that of all other places of practice.

    The recent changes I made to my information on line have not yet been validated by the OIQ. Can I still complete my registration?

    Yes. You must declare that your contact information is accurate subject to any changes you may have made.

    Can I modify my contact information through the “Annual Registration” tab?

    Yes. However, if you leave the registration form before you have completed it, the information you entered will not be saved. You will have to start the registration process over from the beginning and return to the “Annual Registration” tab.

    Where can I receive e-mails from the OIQ?

    You can receive e-mails from the OIQ at your choice of e-mail address, such as your home e-mail address or the e-mail address that you use at your primary workplace. You can edit your correspondence preferences at any time in your profile in the “On-line services” section of our Web site by clicking on the “My portal” button.

    What is the professional domicile?

    All members must elect their professional domicile, which is primarily used when the Disciplinary Council or Board of Directors must publish a decision concerning a member. Such notices include the name and professional domicile address of the member in question. According to section 60 of the Professional Code: “A professional shall elect domicile by informing the secretary of the order of which he is a member of the place where he principally practices his profession or, if he does not practice, his place of residence or principal place of employment, within 30 days after he begins to practise; the domicile thus elected shall constitute his professional domicile. He must also inform the secretary of all the other places where he practises his profession.”

    I practice in two places and I am asked to select a single professional domicile, either my primary workplace or my other place of practice. Why?

    According to the Professional Code, “A professional shall elect domicile by informing the secretary of the order of which he [or she] is a member of the place where he [or she] principally practices his [or her] profession…” Depending on your case, you could principally practice the profession of engineer in either one of these places of practice.

    Why do I have to provide the name of the engineer who is supervising and directing my work?

    Junior engineers, engineers-in-training or holders of a temporary restrictive engineer’s permit may only engage in professional activities reserved under the Engineers Act if they are under the immediate supervision and direction of an engineer (professionally speaking).

    Can I complete my registration if I don’t know the member number of the engineer who is directing and supervising my work?

    We ask for the member number of the engineer who is directing and supervising your work to facilitate identification, which is why it is preferable to include it. However, if you can’t get this number, simply provide the engineer’s name.

    What is "occasional private practice" in accordance with the Regulation respecting professional liability insurance for the members of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec?

    Members who render professional services alone and for their own account for fees equal to or less than $10,000 for all projects they complete during a year (March 31 to March 31 in the following year) engage in occasional private practice of the engineering profession and are therefore covered by the basic group professional liability insurance plan of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec. The concept of “alone and for their own account” applies to members who practice in their own name or through a sole proprietorship, and not in partnership or for a legal person (e.g. an incorporated company).

    However, junior engineers, engineers-in-training or holders of a temporary restrictive engineer’s permit may only perform professional activities reserved by the Engineers Act under the immediate control and supervision of an engineer (professional guidance and supervision). They are not covered by the basic group professional liability insurance plan (occasional private practice) when they provide services that are reserved for engineers since they do not practice alone and are required to subscribe to the group supplementary professional liability insurance plan.

    Furthermore, members who receive more than $10,000 in fees for all projects they complete during a year must subscribe to the group supplementary professional liability insurance contract entered into by the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec by contacting the OIQ's exclusive broker. They cannot be covered by the basic group professional liability insurance plan.

    To find out the details of the basic group professional liability insurance plan of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec, please read the insurance policy, which can be found on the OIQ's Web site (www.oiq.qc.ca) under "Media and documentation” / “Publications" in the Category: "Professional liability insurance.”

    Members who occasionally practice engineering in private practice (moonlighting) must declare one place of practice for their occasional private practice. This place of practice could be, for example, their place of residence.

    What does the term private practice mean?

    Under the second paragraph of section 3 of the Regulation respecting professional liability insurance for members of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec, a member is working in private practice if he renders professional services for his own account, or for the account of another member or partnership, to clients that are not his employer. The fields concerned by this definition are mainly those of the kinds of works and acts set out in sections 2 and 3 of the Engineers Act.

    Members are usually considered to be working in private practice when:
    • they work for a consulting engineering firm;
    • they provide professional engineering services to an external clientele (e.g.: self-employed consultants, building and other inspectors, members who work in an analytical laboratory and any other expert who gives advice on works of the kinds that constitute the field of practice of an engineer).

    The insurance contract may be held by members themselves or by the company that employs them. However, the obligation of being insured lies with members; in the event that their employer does not subscribe to insurance that complies with the Regulation on their behalf, members are required to do so.

    Does the OIQ’s basic group plan cover me if I work in private practice?

    No. The basic group insurance plan does not cover private practice (consulting engineering). For that reason, members who practice engineering in private practice must also take out professional liability insurance that complies with the Regulation respecting professional liability insurance for members of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec. The basic group professional liability insurance plan for OIQ members provides coverage:

    • for general practice;
    • for occasional private practice, i.e. moonlighting (certain conditions apply);
    • and after the five-year period in which members who worked in private practice are required to maintain coverage for the acts they performed in private practice.

    Do engineers who work in private practice outside QC and exclusively for clients outside QC on projects that are entirely carried out, built or manufactured outside QC have to take out a prof. liability ins. contract that complies with the OIQ's reg.?

    No. These engineers, however, must make sure that they comply with the legal framework for practicing in the jurisdiction where they work.

    In addition, engineers must have insurance coverage that meets the requirements of the jurisdiction where they provide professional services, as necessary.

    What is the minimum coverage required by the OIQ’s regulation for all professional liability insurance contracts of members who work in private practice?

    The minimum coverage amounts provided for an individual who works alone in private practice are $500,000 per loss and $1,000,000 for all losses during the coverage period. However, these minimum coverage amounts are $1,000,000 per loss and $2,000,000 for all losses during the coverage period in the event that the insurance is taken out by a member or a company (partnership) for members whom it employs or who are directors, officers, shareholders or partners.

    I work in private practice and plan to retire or cease practicing. Do I still have to keep my professional liability insurance coverage?

    Yes. For at least five years after the last act you performed. However, the premium paid for the supplementary plan covers members against any professional liability claim that may be filed against them in the five years after they provide their final service. Therefore, when members who are covered by the supplementary plan cease to work in private practice, they do not have to continue to pay a premium for the next five years.

    If I am an employee of a consulting engineering firm, do I have to have my own professional liability insurance coverage?

    No, you are not required to take out your own insurance if the company that you work for has insurance coverage complies with the Regulation respecting liability insurance for members of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec that covers you for the professional services you render. However, the obligation of being insured lies with members. Therefore, in the event that your employer does not take out insurance for you that complies with the Regulation respecting liability insurance for members of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec, you are required to do so.

    Some time ago, I was an employee of a consulting engineering firm. Am I automatically covered for the 5-year period that follows my departure from that company?

    Not necessarily. For every year of those 5 years, engineers are responsible for checking with their former employers to make sure that they are actually covered by their former employer’s contract. However, the premium paid for the supplementary plan covers members against any professional liability claim that may be filed against them in the five years after they provide their final service. Therefore, if their former employer subscribed to the supplementary plan, the members’ acts will still be covered for five years and they will not have to continue to pay a premium for the five years after they ceased to work in private practice.

    I already have a professional liability insurance plan for the services I render in private practice. Do I have to pay the premium for the basic group professional liability insurance plan?

    All OIQ members, except members who qualify for the lifetime member status (a status that has not been granted since 1993) and the permanently disabled member status, must pay the premium for the basic group professional liability insurance plan. This payment must be made as part of the annual registration process.

    I was found guilty for impaired driving. Do I have to declare that during the annual registration process?

    Yes. As required by the Professional Code (section 59.3), you have to declare any criminal offence of which you have been found guilty.

    I am currently being prosecuted for a criminal offence. Do I have to declare this even though I have not been found guilty?

    No. However, if you are eventually found guilty, the Professional Code (section 59.3) requires you to notify the Secretary of the OIQ within ten days of the date on which you were informed of the decision.

    I was found guilty of a criminal offence that I believe is not in any way connected to the practice of the profession. Do I have to notify the Secretary of the OIQ of this?

    Yes. The Professional Code (section 59.3) requires members to declare any decision rendered by a court that finds them guilty of a criminal offence. The Board of Directors will determine if there is a connection with the profession and the administrative or disciplinary measures that may be required, as needed.

    I have to answer “yes” to one or more of the declarations (judicial or disciplinary): What documents do I have to provide to the OIQ?

    You must submit the appropriate document for your situation, i.e. the “Criminal Offence Declaration Form,” the "Disciplinary Decision Declaration Form” or the “Penal Decision Declaration Form,” which are available on the Web site (www.oiq.qc.ca) under “Media and documentation” / “Publications” / Category: “Annual Registration,” as well as a copy of the requested documentation (criminal information, judgment), etc.)

    I was the subject of a judicial or disciplinary decision stipulated in the Professional Code a long time ago (not last year) and I did not declare it. Do I have to declare it now?

    Yes. Any judicial or disciplinary decision stipulated in the Professional Code must be declared to the Secretary of the OIQ within ten days of the date on which you were informed of the decision.

    Are the confirmations and declarations that I make on line the same ones as those that I will have to make on the paper registration form?

    Yes. A false declaration, failure to report information or the submission of false, altered or fraudulently obtained documents may result in disciplinary sanctions.

    What payment methods are accepted for on-line registration?

    You may pay by credit card, direct payment through a banking institution (Web-based payment), or by cheque.

    Which credit cards are accepted?

    Visa and MasterCard.

    What is direct payment?

    Direct payment through a banking institution involves making your payment through your banking institution’s Web site. Only Web-based payments will be accepted. Payments cannot be made via ATM or over the counter at your banking institution.

    How can I make a direct payment over the Internet?

    Direct payment is a two-step process. First, note the invoice number on the invoice issued when you complete the registration process on line. Then, proceed to your banking institution’s Web site to pay the invoice. Go to the bill payment section and select “ORDRE DES INGÉNIEURS DU QUÉBEC” from the list of available payees.

    Which banking institutions provide this service?

    You can pay your invoice on the Web sites of the following banking institutions:

    • National Bank of Canada
    • Bank of Montreal
    • Royal Bank of Canada
    • TD Canada Trust
    • Caisse Populaire Desjardins
    • Scotiabank
    • CIBC

    Can I pay at an ATM or over the counter at my local bank?

    No. You cannot pay this invoice at your local bank.

    Can I pay by cheque?

    Yes. You can complete your registration on line, print the invoice at the end of the on-line registration process and return it with your cheque by no later than March 31 to the address below. Do not forget to write your member number on your cheque.

    Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec
    Windsor Station, Suite 350
    1100 avenue des Canadiens-de-Montréal
    Montreal, Quebec H3B 2S2

    I am a junior engineer or engineer-in-training. Why am I required to pay full assessment?

    Junior engineers and engineers-in-training do not pay annual assessment the first time that they register. The second time that they register, they pay a prorated amount of dues based on the number of months that have elapsed since the date of their first registration on the membership roll. The prorated amount of dues is calculated so that junior members pay no dues for one full year. However, junior engineers who have been registered for less than a year still have to pay the OPQ contribution and the group professional liability insurance premium. After their first year, they must pay the full amount of annual assessment in addition to the other amounts mentioned above.

    Can my employer pay my annual assessment?

    Your employer may pay your annual assessment for you. However, you must make sure that you complete the annual registration process, print out a copy of the “Summary” page and give it to your employer. This page includes a detailed invoice. Then, your employer has to send the copy of that page and your payment to the OIQ. Please note that is your responsibility to make sure that your employer sends the payment to us by no later than March 31.

    What are the eligibility conditions for "retired" status?

    To be eligible for "retired" status, you must meet the following conditions:

    • Be currently retired (zero employment income).
    • Have been entered on the roll for a number of years that when added to your age equals to or greater than 80.
    • Have been entered on the roll, without interruption, under any combination of membership categories, for the five years preceding the year in which you apply for "retired" status.

    I am retired. Why was I invoiced as a regular member?

    Retired status is not assigned automatically. If you meet the eligibility conditions for retired status (see above) and wish to be entered on the roll as such, you must take the following steps:

    • Fill out and return the “Application form for retired member status ” available on the OIQ Web site under “Media and documentation” / “Publications” / Category: “Annual Registration” by e-mail to sac@oiq.qc.ca so that we can change both your status and the amount of your invoice;
    • You may then register on line.

    What if, over the course of the year, I no longer meet the eligibility requirements for retired status?

    If at some point during the OIQ's financial year (April 1 to March 31), you no longer satisfy the requirements for being entered as retired on the roll, you will have to pay the difference between the annual assessment you paid and the full dues. This difference is not pro-rated.

    I already have a professional liability insurance plan for the services I render in private practice. Do I have to pay the premium for the basic group professional liability insurance plan?

    All OIQ members, except members who qualify for the lifetime member status (a status that has not been granted since 1993) and the permanently disabled member status, must pay the premium for the basic group professional liability insurance plan. This payment must be made as part of the annual registration process.

    Why does my invoice have a zero on the line for the supplementary assessment?

    The $0 amount displayed on this line is shown for the purposes of transparency.

    Am I required to pay the contribution to the Office des professions du Québec (OPQ)?

    Yes. All members of the OIQ without exception must pay a contribution to the Office des professions du Québec (OPQ).

    What is the Office des professions du Québec?

    The Office des professions du Québec (OPQ) sees to it that each professional order ensures the protection of the public.

    Accordingly, the OPQ:

    • ensures that the orders have the appropriate means to fulfill their mandate;
    • advises the government on how the professional system can be continuously improved;
    • oversees amendments to the laws that regulate the professional system;
    • promotes efficiency in the procedures established by the orders;
    • ensures that the public is informed and represented within the orders.

    When can I expect to receive my receipts?

    Once the cashing of the payment is done, you can access your official receipts any time in the On-line services section of our Web site under the tab “Receipts and declarations”.

    How do I get a membership card?

    To obtain a membership card, you will have to pay the fee. Then, you will have to fill out and return the “Bon de commande pour carte de membre et permis” form available only in French on the OIQ Web site under “Media and documentation” / “Publications” / Category: “Forms.” Juniors engineers, engineers-in-training and holders of a temporary restrictive engineer’s permit cannot obtain one. Please also note that membership cards do not constitute proof of registration on the roll of the OIQ.

    What are the consequences if I decide not to register?

    If you decide not to register, you will no longer be allowed to use the titles "engineer," "junior engineer," "engineer-in-training," or the abbreviations "Eng.," "Jr. Eng.," "EIT,", or any name, title or designation that might lead to the belief that you are an engineer or a member of the OIQ. Likewise, you will no longer be allowed to practice the engineering profession in Québec, subject to the penalties provided by the Act. Furthermore, please note that once your name is removed from the OIQ's roll, you will no longer participate at the group professional liability insurance plan. With regards to the group life insurance plan with Manulife Financial, we invite you to communicate directly with them to verify if you are still eligible.

    If you have worked as an engineer in private practice in Québec or in connection with Québec, you are required to comply with the obligation set out in the applicable legislation of maintaining a valid professional liability insurance policy for five years after your last engineering act in private practice. We also ask that you notify your clients and employer that you are no longer a member, where applicable.

    In addition, junior engineers who do not register will not be able to gain recognition for any experience they acquire as non-members. However, this does not affect engineers-in-training.

    Unless you were employed by a physical or legal entity, company or government, you are also required to comply with the Regulation respecting the cessation of practice of a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec when you cease to practice your profession (available on our Web site www.oiq.qc.ca). You must fill out a form if that is your situation.

    Is there a reinstatement fee?

    Yes. A reinstatement fee equal to the half of the annual assessment, plus tax, will be charged in addition to your annual assessment.

    I paid for reinstatement on the roll of the OIQ. However, you sent me a tax receipt for less than the full amount of my payment. Why?

    The amount you paid for reinstatement included the reinstatement fee, which is equal to the half of the annual assessment, and not tax deductible.

    If I wish to be reinstated after an absence of several months or several years, what steps should I take?

    To be reinstated, you must send a duly completed and signed copy of the annual registration form and pay the dues for the current year, as well as a reinstatement fee equal to the half of the annual assessment, plus tax. If you have been absent from the roll of the OIQ for a period of more than three years, you must also submit a résumé and your file will be forwarded to the Practice Supervision Department. This is the procedure currently used by the OIQ. However, the conditions for reinstatement may be subject to change without prior notice.

    For more information :

    For more information, please call the customer service Department of the OIQ at 1 877 845-6141 and select one of the following extensions:

    In this text, the term “member” refers to an engineer, a junior engineer, an engineer-in-training and a holder of a temporary restrictive engineer’s permit.

    Annual Registration

    Why was a "Consents" section added to the registration process?

    This consent request is made in accordance with the Act respecting access to documents held by public bodies and the protection of personal information, the Act respecting the protection of personal information in the private sector, and Canadian anti-spam legislation which came into force on July 1, 2014. We would like to take the opportunity provided by the annual registration process to ask you to reconfirm your choices. If you have already answered the consent request, you can change your answers if you wish. However, your consent is required again for two of the items because their wording has changed (networking activities and mutual funds). Finally, if you have not already answered the consent request, this is your opportunity to do so.

    Why do you have to ask for my consent?

    We have to ask for your consent so that we may disclose your personal information to third parties and send you any message that is commercial in nature.

    Can I change my choices later?

    Yes. You can change your choices at any time in your "On-line services" profile on the OIQ's Web site by clicking on "My portal" button.

    How do I determine whether I practice engineering?

    All members must declare it if they practice engineering. The field of practice and the acts that constitute engineering practice are set out in sections 2 and 3 of the Engineers Act.

    What does "due to their age, have either ceased or reduced their professional activities” mean? Is there a minimum age at which members can be considered retired engineers under the Regulation respecting continuing education for engineers?

    The Regulation does not stipulate a minimum age for retirement. The OIQ considers members retired when they have ceased or reduced their professional activities with the goal of ending their working life, the period of their lives in which they spend most of their time on their career and work.

    Is it still necessary to have retired member status on the OIQ's roll to be exempt from the continuing education requirements?

    No. Since June 5, 2014, not only engineers with retired member status on the OIQ's roll, but all retired engineers, regardless of their status on the OIQ’s roll, may be exempted from the continuing education requirements. However, the exemption granted to these engineers is only valid if they do not practice engineering.

    To be considered retired members under the Regulation, members must meet the following criteria:
    • have ceased or reduced their professional activities due to their age;
    • not have a full-time job (30 or more hours per week on a regular basis).

    Since February 2nd, 2015, retired members who meet these conditions and do not practice engineering may request an exemption from the continuing education requirements in their profile or during the annual registration process of the OIQ from the “My portal” section of the OIQ’s Web site.

    I am a holder of a temporary restrictive engineer’s permit, so why do I have to pay the full annual dues?

    For their first annual dues payment, holders of a temporary restrictive engineer’s permit pay a prorated amount that varies according to the number of months remaining in the year ending. For their second annual dues payment, they pay the full amount.

    What does "ceased or reduced their professional activities to less than 30 hours per week on a regular basis" mean?

    Generally speaking, this means that members must have worked less than 1,560 hours during a year.

    Why do I have to provide you if I plan to perform a professional activity (1) in the next 12 months or if I have performed a professional activity (1) in the last three years in some fields?

    The OIQ invite you to specify your fields of practice in order to improve the knowledge of OIQ member’s practice..

    (1) Performing a professional activity means, for example, providing an opinion, preparing a report, making calculations, executing plans and specifications, carrying out a study, attesting to compliance.

    Why do I have to indicate if I would be available to act as a sponsor and help a junior engineer?

    The OIQ is looking for volunteers who are willing to support certain members in their professional development. Members who show interest by answering “yes” will be contacted as needed.

    The Sponsorship Program is an optional activity in which junior engineers may participate during the Junior Engineer Program. This program is designed to help junior engineers successfully enter the profession by allowing them to converse with an experienced volunteer engineer about the rights and obligations inherent in the status of an engineer and the fundamental values of the profession, which are competence, responsibility, ethics and social commitment. Sponsorship involves a series of six meetings lasting a minimum of 75 minutes each.

    Furthermore, the Engineer who is sponsoring the Junior Engineer will also obtain a continuing education credit of 7.5 hours once the Sponsorship Program has been completed to the full satisfaction of the OIQ.

    Why do I have to indicate if I would be available to act as a tutor and help a member who is subject to a restricted right to practice?

    The OIQ is looking for volunteers who are willing to support certain members in their professional development. Members who show interest by answering “yes” will be contacted as needed.

    For the purpose of protecting the public, when the Executive Committee feels that an engineer does not possess sufficient competencies to provide quality professional services in a specific field, it may sometimes require that engineer to take refresher training. In such a case, another engineer may act as a tutor and supervise a fellow engineer whom the Executive Committee has required to complete a practical training period as part of the refresher training. This supportive measure is intended to help the engineer regain the full right to practice in his or her desired field.

    Due to the work he or she performs in supervising a fellow engineer, an engineer who acts as a tutor may be credited with continuing education hours once the refresher training has been completed to the full satisfaction of the OIQ.

    I have been the subject of a legal recourse (Lawsuit, Originating application) that has been brought against me or that I have declared to my insurer since April 1, 2015. Do I have to declare that during the annual registration process?

    Yes. Section 62.2 of the Professional Code stipulates that “a professional must, in accordance with the terms and conditions determined by the board of directors, inform the order of which he is a member of any professional liability claim against him filed with his insurer and of any notice of loss he files with his insurer with respect to professional liability.”

    Accordingly, the Board of Directors of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec requires its members to declare all legal recourses (lawsuits or originating applications) that have been brought against them or that they have declared to their insurer since April 1, 2015. To comply with this requirement, members must:

    • inform the OIQ during the annual registration period, from February 1 to March 31, of all legal recourses by answering the question referring to the declaration of legal recourses (lawsuits or originating applications) that have been brought against them or that they have declared to their insurer with respect to professional liability insurance;

    • inform the OIQ at the latest 30 days of the notification of any legal recourse (lawsuit or originating application) that has been brought against them or that they have declared to their insurer with respect to professional liability insurance.

    I have to answer “yes” to the declaration of legal recourses professional liability insurance: What documents do I have to provide to the OIQ?

    You must submit the “Legal Recourse Declaration Form concerning Professional Liability Insurance” as well as a copy of the lawsuit or original application. This form is available on the OIQ’s Web site (www.oiq.qc.ca) under “Media and documentation” / “ Publications” / Category: “Annual registration”.

    Does the requirement to declare legal recourses brought against members or that they have declared to their insurer since April 1, 2015 also concern legal recourses brought or declared against a company (joint-stock partnership)?

    No, only legal recourses (lawsuits, originating applications, etc.) concerning members must be declared.

    Recourses and decisions Open

    Access to Information

    I would like to know if an engineer has been the object of disciplanry measures. Can I obtain such information by contacting the Office of the Syndic?

    No. Any request to know if an engineer has been the object of disciplinary measures must be submitted to the Order’s Disciplinary Council. Disciplinary decisions have been made public since August 1988.

    I would like to know if an engineer is under inquiry. Can I obtain such information by contacting the Office of the Syndic?

    No. Such a request for information may be submitted in writing to the syndic of the Order. The syndic however has full discretionary powers to deny any request, to refuse sharing information or a document that may bring to light the content of an inquiry or affect a current or upcoming inquiry or one that may be reopened.

    Dissatisfaction with the services of an engineer

    The engineer that I hired has not completed his assignment and I want him to refund the money that I already paid to him. What should I do?

    Contact the General Department of the Order to request account mediation within 60 days of the date the account is received.

    Claims

    May I anonymously report an engineer's professional misconduct?

    Yes, you may anonymously report to the Office of the Syndic any professional misconduct by an engineer. You may do so in person, by phone or by email. The individual who makes such a report is deemed an informer. Such a report must include enough relevant and personal information so that the syndic may undertake an inquiry. The individual who submits an official inquiry request to the Office of the Syndic may ask, once clearly identified in said request, to remain anonymous. Anonymity cannot however be guaranteed should a disciplinary complaint be lodged with the Disciplinary Council. Identity of the requestor may be disclosed should failure to do so adversely affect the right of the engineer to a full answer and defence.

    What are the required conditions for the syndic to launch an inquiry?

    1. The syndic can only inquire about an offense committed by an individual who was then a member of the Order, whether or not said individual remained a member of the Order after the fact.
     
    2. The syndic cannot “go on a fishing expedition” based on vague or summary allegations that prevent it from identifying and investigating a potential offense and individual under its jurisdiction. An inquiry request must therefore include enough information so that the syndic may conduct an inquiry.
     
    3. In principle, any conduct targeted by an inquiry request must be associated with professional activities. Acts of a private matter, to the extent that they are closely linked to the profession and are the source of a scandal that could compromise the honour or dignity of said profession, may exceptionally be investigated by the syndic. An inquiry request may therefore be rejected if not linked in any way to professional activities or capacity.

    What kind of follow-up may I expect after requesting an inquiry by the Office of the Syndic?

    The Office of the Syndic acknowledges receipt of an inquiry request within days of said request. The file is then assigned to the syndic or an assistant syndic who is responsible for this inquiry. Conducting an inquiry requires time, sometimes months. You will be informed in writing, through a progress report, if a syndic fails to conclude its inquiry within 90 days of receiving the request. The syndic will then issue a new progress report  every 60 days. The syndic will not however report progress to an individual of informer status or one who simply reported an event.

    Why should the syndic wish to meet with me?

    A syndic conducts an investigation after receiving an inquiry request or relevant information. The purpose of this inquiry is to determine if an individual, who was a member of the Order at the time of the event, has violated, once or on several occasions, the Professional Code, the Engineers Act or related regulations. The syndic tries and confirms the validity of stated allegations or reported information. Any individual who might help the syndic learn facts or assess the overall situation, through relevant information or documents, may be met during such an inquiry.

    Is the syndic under the obligation to inform a member of the Order of the motives for requesting a meeting?

    No, there is no provision that requires informing an engineer of reasons why a syndic wishes to meet him or her or informing the engineer of the source of the allegations or information obtained. Furthermore, there is no provision requiring that an engineer be informed that he or she is the subject of an inquiry or that the inquiry relates to a specific file or files. Finally, the syndic does not have to inform the engineer of the date that they will meet at the engineer’s office or elsewhere. However, the syndic may, at its discretion and only if it does not hamper the inquiry, make an appointment with the engineer and briefly inform him or her of the motives of such meeting or inquiry.

    A syndic wants to meet with me. How long will that meeting last?

    A meeting may last half an hour or several hours. It may even take place over several days. Each case is different and the duration will vary based on complexity of the issue and of the inquiry, on the level of collaboration of the individual met, questions asked, organization, etc.

    Can other individuals be present during my meeting with a syndic?

    Not usually, including for reasons of confidentiality. The syndic shall decide.  A lawyer, a second syndic, an expert or any other individual may however assist the syndic (Prof. C. 121.2).

    Can my lawyer be present during my meeting with a syndic?

    Under Article 122.2 of the Professional Code, the individual who requests that an inquiry be conducted may be assisted by another individual, at any step of said inquiry. The Professional Code grants that right to no one else that the syndic may wish to meet with during the inquiry. Needless to say, anyone may consult a lawyer to learn about his or her rights and obligations in regards to inquiry proceedings.

    I am a member of the Order. May I reject the dates of the meeting proposed by the syndic or refuse to meet with the syndic?

    No. You are under the obligation to meet with the syndic upon request (Prof. C. S. 114 & 122, Code of Ethics of Engineers S. 4.01.01f)). Pleading appointments with other clients or claiming other priorities does not constitute reasonable motive for denying the meeting requested. The syndic may however take into account exceptional circumstances that you will have to explain. Any refusal to meet with the syndic may be deemed as hindering the  inquiry, which may result in a disciplinary complaint and possibly provisional strike-off the roll (Prof. C. S. 130).

    I am a member of the Order. Am I under obligation to answer the syndic's questions?

    Yes, you must answer the syndic’s questions. You cannot mislead the syndic by concealment or false declarations (Prof. C.  S. 114, 122, 192). By refusing to answer, a disciplinary complaint may be lodged against you for hindering the inquiry. You may even be subject to provisional strike-off the roll.  (Prof. C. S. 130).

    I am a member of the Order. Am I under obligation to answer any correspondance sent by a syndic?

    Yes, you must answer in an expeditious manner any correspondence sent by the Office of the Syndic (Prof. C. S.  114 ; Code of Ethics of Engineers, S. 4.02.02). In failing to do so, you may be the object of a disciplinary complaint or subject to provisional strike-off the roll (Prof. C. S. 130).

    A syndic is asking me for documents. Am I under the obligation to provide them?

    Yes. The Professional Code states that a syndic may demand any and all information or documents relating to the inquiry. The syndic may examine them or require their production and make a copy of such documents (Prof. C. S. 114, 122, 192).

    Is an engineer committing an offense by disclosing confidential information?

    No. Section 192 of the Professional Code explicitly states that a professional may not invoke his obligation to ensure professional secrecy as a reason for refusing to answer a syndic’s request.

    I have recently met with a syndic. What are the next steps?

    The syndic will conduct his inquiry. In so doing, the syndic shall meet as many people or collect as many documents as he sees fit. He may therefore contact you to get specifics or ask to meet with you again. The syndic will then examine all collected information before rendering a decision. The syndic may, based on circumstances an data collected, decide to lodge a complaint before the Disciplinary Council, to forward the request to the Professional Inspection Committee or recommend conciliation. The syndic shall inform the person who requested the holding of an inquiry of his decision. The syndic will also, in general and although not required to do so, inform the engineer who is the object of the inquiry (Prof. C. S. 123).

    Can an engineer sued for damages by a client be the object of a disciplinary complaint for the same facts?

    Yes. Civil liability remedy and a disciplinary complaint are two distinct remedies.

    Trustee

    Can I personally file a disciplinary complaint against an engineer?

    Yes. You have two choices. You can ask the syndic of the Order to investigate an engineer or you can directly lodge your complaint with the Order's Disciplinary Council.

    Recommending an engineer Open

    Recommending an engineer

    Can the Order refer an engineer?

    No, but we can tell you if an engineer is listed on the roll of the Order, and if that engineer has ever been the subject of a disciplinary decision or penalty or of a restriction of his right to engage in professional activities.

    Use of the title Open

    Use of the title

    What are the rules of use for the title of engineer?

    For questions about the use of the title, see chapter "Professionnalisme, éthique et déontologie" of the Guide de pratique professionnelle.(available in French only)

    Gare Windsor, bureau 350
    1100, avenue des Canadiens-de-Montréal
    Montréal (Québec) H3B 2S2

    1 514 845-6141
    Toll free : 1 800 461-6141